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###### C Additional Topics

C Pointers & Functions

# C Pointers & Functions

In this tutorial, we will learn to pass memory addresseses and pointers as arguments to functions with the help of some examples.

To learn about Pointers and Functions click on the given links.

## Passing memory addresses to function using pointers

In C programming, we can pass memory addresses to functions as arguments with the help of pointers.

### Example: Pass Memory Addresses to Function

``#include <stdio.h>int totalSalary(int *expend_pointer, int *sav_pointer) {  return *expend_pointer + *sav_pointer;}int main() {  int expenditure, saving, salary;  printf("Enter your expenditure per month : ");  scanf("%d", &expenditure);  printf("Enter your savings per month : ");  scanf("%d", &saving);  salary = totalSalary( &expenditure, &saving);  printf("Total earning : %d", salary);  return 0;}``

Output :

`Enter your expenditure per month : 1200Enter your savings per month : 1500Total earning : 2700`

In the above example, we have declared two variables expenditure and saving of int type to store user input and pass their memory addresses to function totalSalary.
Then, we add their stored values using their memory addresses.

Note : To accept memory addresses in the function definition, we can use pointers because pointers are used to store addresses.

### Example : Pass Memory Addresses to Function

``#include <stdio.h>int swapNumber(int *num1, int *num2) {int swapper;swapper = *num1;*num1 = *num2;*num2 = swapper;}int main() {  int firstNum, secondNum;  printf("Enter first number : ");  scanf("%d", &firstNum);  printf("Enter second number : ");  scanf("%d", &secondNum);  swapNumber( &firstNum, &secondNum);  printf("First Number : %d\nSecond Number : %d", firstNum, secondNum);  return 0;}``

Output :

`Enter first number : 12Enter second number : 34First Number : 34Second Number : 12`

In the above example, we have declared two variables firstNum and secondNum of int type to store user input and pass their memory addresses to function totalSalary.
Then, we have use their memory address to swap their values using a variable swapper of int type.

## Next Tutorial

We hope that this tutorial helped you develop better understanding of the concept of Pointer & Function in C.

Keep Learning : )

In the next tutorial, you'll learn about C `Memory Allocation`.