###### C++ Arrays & Strings

C++ Program to Add Two Matrix Using Multi-dimensional Arrays

# C++ Program to Add Two Matrix Using Multi-dimensional Arrays

In this example, we will learn the program takes two matrices of order r*c and stores it in two-dimensional array. Then, the program adds these two matrices and displays it on the screen.

To understand this example, you should have the knowledge of the following C++ programming topics:

## Introduction

In this program, user is asked to entered the number of rows r and columns c. The value of r and c should be less than 100 in this program.

The user is asked to enter elements of two matrices (of order r*c). Then, the program adds these two matrices, saves it in another matrix (two-dimensional array) and displays it on the screen.

## Example: Program to Add Two Matrices using Multi-dimensional Arrays

``````#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
int r, c, a, b, sum, i, j;

cout << "Enter number of rows (between 1 and 100): ";
cin >> r;

cout << "Enter number of columns (between 1 and 100): ";
cin >> c;

cout << endl << "Enter elements of 1st matrix: " << endl;

// Storing elements of first matrix entered by user.
for(i = 0; i < r; ++i)
for(j = 0; j < c; ++j)
{
cout << "Enter element a" << i + 1 << j + 1 << " : ";
cin >> a[i][j];
}

// Storing elements of second matrix entered by user.
cout << endl << "Enter elements of 2nd matrix: " << endl;
for(i = 0; i < r; ++i)
for(j = 0; j < c; ++j)
{
cout << "Enter element b" << i + 1 << j + 1 << " : ";
cin >> b[i][j];
}

for(i = 0; i < r; ++i)
for(j = 0; j < c; ++j)
sum[i][j] = a[i][j] + b[i][j];

// Displaying the resultant sum matrix.
cout << endl << "Sum of two matrix is: " << endl;
for(i = 0; i < r; ++i)
for(j = 0; j < c; ++j)
{
cout << sum[i][j] << "  ";
if(j == c - 1)
cout << endl;
}

return 0;
}``````

Output

```Enter number of rows (between 1 and 100): 2
Enter number of columns (between 1 and 100): 2

Enter elements of 1st matrix:
Enter element a11: -4
Enter element a12: 4
Enter element a21: 6
Enter element a22: 8

Enter elements of 2nd matrix:
Enter element b11: 2
Enter element b12: -9
Enter element b21: 6
Enter element b22: 1

Sum of two matrix is:
-2   -5
12   9```

## Next Example

We hope that this Example helped you develop better understanding of the concept of "Add Two Matrix Using Multi-dimensional Arrays" in C++.

Keep Learning : )

In the next Example, we will learn about C++ `Multiply Two Matrix Using Multi-dimensional Arrays`.